Technology And Design Historical past (Timeline Infographics) Part 1
Have you ever puzzled what attracted you in a brand new iPad, new smartphone, or any other modern gadget? Was it its fascinating expertise or its simplicity of design? Design has change into a vital communication device and it is onerous to imaging new expertise with out it. I wanted to look on the historical past timeline to define correlation between expertise and design and their impression on each other. I used an artwork historical past timeline to match evolution of both areas.
1750-1850 The Industrial Revolution and Romanticism.
The primary distinguished interaction between technology and design (artwork at the moment) began with the Industrial Revolution. Needless to say, the Industrial Revolution was the starting point in trendy expertise growth and has modified the social, financial and cultural circumstances of the times.
Design existed largely within the form of art at that time and was in transition from Baroque movement (1600-1750) to Neoclassicism (1750-1850) and later – Romanticism (1780-1850). While Neoclassicism was inspired from the “classical” art and culture of Historical Greece and Rome, Romanticism was already a reaction to the Industrial Revolution with its inhabitants development, and city sprawl. Romanticism portrayed the achievements of heroic individualists and artists, whose pioneering examples would elevate society.
– 1765 Steam Engine.
– 1783 First Hot air balloon.
– 1796 Lithographic printing process.
– 1816 First photographic adverse.
– 1835 First photograph.
– 1843 Typewriter invented.
– 1847 Rotary printing press.
1850-1900 The Second Industrial Revolution and Realism.
The second part of the Industrial Revolution is also called electromechanical age. The technological and economic christian girls rock tshirt progress result in the event of steam-powered ships, railways, electrical power technology, and many extra.
Visible art of the period was about truth and accuracy and was referred to as Realism. Many paintings depicted folks at work, emphasizing the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution. The advances in pictures, made by means of nineteenth century, took reputation of Realism to the following level, creating a desire for individuals to replicate everyday reality. Art in the course of the second half of the 19th century was referred to as Impressionism and emphasised an accurate depiction of light that could have been influenced by discoveries of images.
– 1867 Dynamite.
– 1876 Telephone.
– 1879 Electric mild bulb.
– 1892 Diesel engine.
– 1894 Radio waves.
1880-1914 Art Nouveau.
By the tip of the 19th century machine-made artwork manufacturing was growing. The primary gadget that would simply and shortly set full lines of type for use in printing presses – the Linotype machine (1886) – revolutionized the art of printing. This invention increased demand in typography and resulted in design of Akzidenz Grotesk (1898) – the primary sans serif typeface to be widely used.
The same 1898 was a 12 months of the primary business movement picture. Soon followed by many others, initiating a brand new, separate type of visible artwork – Movement footage.
This period was vital in the history of design as it branched out from the art, making its means into all sorts of economic design. The movement known as Artwork Nouveau initiated graphic and promoting design and by 1909 magazines had develop into main advert channels. Artwork continued evolving from one movement to another – from Submit-Impressionism, Expressionism to Cubism and others.
– 1886 Linotype (typesetting) machine.
– 1892 Alternating current generator.
– 1900 First mass-marketed digital camera – the Brownie.
– 1903 Powered airplane.
– 1907 Colour photography and Men’s Custom Cool King Short Sleeve T-Shirt helicopter.
– 1908 First mass-manufacturing of the Ford Mannequin T vehicle.
1910-1930 Artwork Deco.
The growth of the professional graphic design trade has grown in parallel with the rise of consumerism. Whereas expertise continued improving and monetizing its innovations, design was evolving into communication device. Art Deco was an ornamental design type based mostly on geometric shapes impressed by technologies comparable to aviation, radio, electric lighting, and others. Its linear symmetry was a distinct step in the direction of simplicity from the flowing asymmetrical organic curves of its predecessor style Artwork Nouveau. Artwork Deco design was appropriate to be learn from a rushing car.
In 1919 the first mannequin of the trendy artwork college was based in Germany – the Bauhaus.It had a profound affect in artwork, structure, typography and all types of design, eventually providing the framework for contemporary design.
– 1919 First air service and first electric typewriter.
– 1920s Regular wireless broadcasts for entertainment.
– 1923 Television Electronic and first sound film.
Expertise of the Industrial Revolution found its manner into each day life of atypical individuals. Electricity, the phone, the radio, the car created essentially the most seen social modifications of that period. The need to learn, work, and live with the know-how demanded new abilities and capacity to understand tons of knowledge.
Trendy concepts in art and design appeared in commercials and logos in rejection of the ornate flourishes of preceded design kinds. With increased amount of new information that a mean individual had to know, the need for clear, simply recognizable and memorable design elevated as properly. Straight strains, minimalism, lack of clutter, major colours prevailed within the design and artwork of Modernism.
Times New Roman font was designed (1932). First Television business was aired from Bulova Watch Company with the slogan “America runs of Bulova time!” (1941).
– 1936 BBC started transmitting world’s first public service.
– 1937 Jet engine.
– 1938 Ballpoint pen.
– 1941 Kodak damaging movie.
– 1943 Aqua-lung.
– 1945 The atomic bomb.
1955-1980 Pop Art and Minimalism.
Post-war know-how of that period cheered us up with numerous nice innovations and gave start christian girls rock tshirt to a new kind of human species – geeks. Invention of a private laptop dramatically impacted and endlessly changed the way in which folks dwell, work, and communicate.
In artwork historical past this interval is called Pop Art and Minimalism, which we can see reflected in design as properly. The rise of various media types and the modern promoting trade elevated the necessity for a readable, easily displayed typeface. The new font, designed for simplicity, was Neue Haas Grotesk font (1957), later renamed Helvetica. With the rise of personal computing in the 80s, Helvetica was changed by Arial as a digital customary.
Minimalism performed vital role in promoting as nicely. Among clustered and flashy ads appeared a brand new, simplified promoting method. “Assume Small” ad campaign (1959) for the Volkswagen Beetle turned the No. 1 marketing campaign of the 20th century.
– 1951 The Universal Automatic Pc (Univac).
– 1956 Videocassette recorder.
– 1961 The first human to orbit the Earth.
– 1968 First pc mouse.
– 1968 Pc video recreation, compact discs, and e mail.
– 1974 Personal computer.
1980 – 2000 Postmodernism.
With the discharge of first Macintosh laptop in 1984 a new era has began in know-how and design – an period of collaboration. Technology continues to open new doorways in consumerism and on daily basis life, but design drives the esthetics and usefulness of the most tech improvements. Apple computer systems gained popularity not for its distinctive know-how (first personal computer was created a decade earlier than Mac), however for its distinctive design and simplicity.
Apple created a brand new commonplace in design – in web, print, promoting, marketing, product design, however didn’t invent any of the above. It surely was the primary to efficiently leverage symbiosis between expertise and design.
In 1990 first Photoshop software program was released and at that point technology gave all the pieces it could at that time to ask design on its aspect.
Highlights of the interval:
– 1984 First Macintosh computer from Apple, featuring bitmap graphics.
– 1985 CD-ROM; digital imaging processor by Pixar.
– 1990 World Extensive Internet.
– 1994 Internet marketing.
– 1995 DVD.
Ever since industrial revolution technology began developing quickly and right now it occupies each corner of human life. Although artwork as a type of communication existed manner before technology (since cave males), it solely grew to become a powerful communication tool after merging with know-how within the mid of twentieth century.
So, although artwork and know-how had completely different roots and developing process, both are now components of one inseparable unit. One cannot exist with out the opposite.